Skip to content

Kohlbergs Theory Of Moral Development Essays

Kohlberg's Theory Of Moral Development Essay

Lawrence Kohlberg began his collegiate career at the University of Chicago, in Chicago, Illinois. He was indeed a very brilliant man and a true scholar. He was so smart in fact, that he placed extremely high on the University’s entrance exam. This resulted in him only having to take a few classes towards graduation. In just one year’s time, he was able to receive his bachelor’s degree from the University of Chicago. After graduation, he began working on his graduate coursework, thinking he would be a clinical psychologist. Instead, he became interested in the works of American philosopher John Dewey, as well as, a Swiss psychologist named Jean Piaget. This interest in their work, lead Lawrence to issuing his doctoral dissertation, which explained his theory of the development of moral reasoning. This was dependent on Dewey’s and Piaget’s way of thinking.) Lawrence not only taught at the University of Chicago, but also at Harvard University, where his theory became popular through research studies that were conducted at Harvard’s Center for Moral Education. His theory pioneered the world of science between both positivists and behavioralists by the presentation of a new theory of moral development that would bridge together science and moral values that were based on cognitive reasoning instead of behavior.
“In brief, Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development presents three levels: The Preconventional, Conventional, and Postconventional. Each level contains two stages. Stages one and two in the preconventional involve an “egocentric point of view” and a “concrete individualistic perspective” in which the person makes choices based on the fear of punishment and the desire for rewards. In stages three and four of the conventional level, persons make choices from a “member-of-society” perspective, considering the good of others, the maintenance of positive relations, and the rules of society. Persons in the final stage of the postconventional level, stages five and six, reason from a “prior-to-society” perspective in which abstract ideals take precedence over particular societal laws.” (Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Reasoning. Gale Encyclopedia of Childhood & Adolescence. Gale Research, 1998. For the purpose of this research, Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Development Stages five and six will be examined and compared to

The elementary school age level is where we generally find the first level of moral thinking. Within this level, behavior is based on accordingly on social norms, because they are told to do so by authoritative figures such as teachers or parents. A threat or application of some form of punishment is what obedience is compelled by. The individuals within this stage continue to focus on the recourse of their actions. This relates to an action being seen as morally wrong if the person who committed the action is then punished in any way shape or form. In stage two, the “what’s in it for me” attitude is evoked. Kids...

Loading: Checking Spelling

0%

Read more

Lawrence Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development

2160 words - 9 pages Lawrence Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development Lawrence Kohlberg conducted research on the moral development of children. He wanted to understand how they develop a sense of right or wrong and how justice is served. Kohlberg used surveys in which he included moral dilemmas where he asked the subjects to evaluate a moral conflict. Through his studies, Kohlberg observed that moral growth and development precedes through stages such as those...

MORAL DEVELOPMENT overwiew of moral development and who were some of the major theorists of this topic. Interviews, have been done so using Kohlberg's theory

6426 words - 26 pages MORAL DEVELOPMENTRUNNING HEAD: MORAL DEVELOPMENTMoral developmentIn APA StyleAaron McCollOntario CanadaThrough reading this paper, you will first learn what moral development is and who were some of the major theorists of this topic. We will take an in-depth look at Laurence Kohlberg's stages of moral development. You will read analyses of six mock interviews which I have completed. From there we will...

Characters of the Crucible in Relation to Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Reasoning

1002 words - 4 pages Lawrence Kohlberg, a developmental psychologist, identified six developmental stages of human moral reasoning. The first stage that he recognized was the Punishment-Obedience Orientation, where the person’s concern is for avoiding punishment through obedience. The second stage was the Instrumental Relativist Orientation, where the person’s concern is to work in their self interest, and better their position. The third stage of moral...

Development of social theory

2951 words - 12 pages This essay will evaluate the structural and action perspectives in sociology. The two quadrants of Sociology perspectives are Structure and Action theories. Functionalism is a structure theory, which looks at different parts of society work and how they together as a whole. Marxism is also a structure theory, which looks at society in economic terms...

Analysis of Moral Development in Young Children

1548 words - 6 pages This paper is written to examine various influences on the moral development of young children. Specifically, the paper will speak to the definition of moral development, the views held by educators Piaget and Kohlberg on this area of development in young children and the application of moral development theories by Early Childhood Educators. Theories posited by Sigmund Freud with regards to the psychological development of children in the early...

Cognitive and Moral Development of Children

1501 words - 6 pages Cognitive and moral developments are determined by a child’s experience and environment. As the child matures into adulthood they begin to view the world differently. The capacity to imagine what other people may be thinking and feeling is defined as perspective taking (Berk, 2007). This view aids in adolescents moral understanding and development. Identifying a child’s developmental stage assists in determining the proper support that is needed...

Tracing the Moral Development of Huck Finn

651 words - 3 pages Tracing the Moral Development of Huck Finn Living in the 1800's wasn't an easy task. There were many hardships that a person had to endure. In the novel, The Adventures of Huck Finn, the author Mark Twain portrays the adventure of a young boy. Huck, the young boy, goes on a journey with various dilemmas. The novel starts off in Missouri on the Mississippi River. Huck is taken from his guardians by his father and then decides to...

The Moral Development of Huckleberry Finn

1034 words - 4 pages Huck Finn, a narcissistic and unreliable young boy, slowly morphs into a courteous figure of respect and selflessness. After Pap abducts the young and civilized Huck, Huck descends into his old habits of lies and half-truths. However, upon helping a runaway slave escape, Huck regains morality and a sense of purpose. Throughout The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain, Huck lies to characters, casting the authenticity of the...

Analysis of Psychosocial Development Theory

2682 words - 11 pages The psychosocial theory provides a theoretical structure that highlights the constant assimilation and communication of individual competencies with resources, difficulties, and culture. Development is seen as a product of genetic, social, maturational, and autonomous dynamics. For this assignment, I am analyzing personal development using Erickson's psychosocial theory of development.Erickson believed that development follows the...

Freud's Theory of Psychosexual Development

1792 words - 7 pages Psychology is defined as the science of mind and behavior its immediate goal is to understand humanity by both discovering general principles and exploring specific cases. There have been numerous developments of psychology thanks to the magnificent works of Jean Piaget, Lawrence Kohlberg, and Sigmund Freud. Each discovery has its own point of view; Piaget’s theory of Cognitive Development point was made for parents and teachers challenge the...

Jean Piaget's Theory of Development

1075 words - 4 pages Jean Piaget’s theory is basically cognitive and developmental and most of his studies were based on his three children, he called this the clinical method. This method was used in interviews with patients by asking them questions and observing their behaviour. Whilst using this method he learnt that children under 7 years use different principles to base their judgments on compared to older children. Piaget would use the interview responses for...

Show More

Kohlberg's Moral Development

Lawrence Kohlberg grew up in Bronxville, New York and attended handover Academy in Massachusetts. This is an academically demanding private high school. He did not go straight to college but instead went to help the Israeli cause, serving as the second engineer on an old freighter carrying European refugees through British blockades to Israel. After this Kohlberg enrolled at the University of Chicago where he scored so high on admission test that he only had to take a limited number of courses to earn his bachelor's degree. This he did in one year. He stayed on at Chicago for graduate work in psychology, at first thinking he would become a clinical psychologist. In this study he soon became…show more content…

Kohlberg six stages of moral development from this study. Level 1 is Reconventional Morality. Stage 1 is Obedience and Punishment Orientation. The child powerful authorities hand down a fixed set of rules, which he or she must unquestioningly obey. Stage 2 is Individualism and Exchange. At this stage children recognize that there is not just one right view that is handed down by the authorities. Different individuals have different viewpoints. Level 2 is Conventional Morality. Stage 3 is Good Interpersonal Relationships. At this stage children who are by now usually entering their teens see morality as more than simple deals. They believe that people should live up to the expectations of the family and community and behave in good way. Good behavior means having good motives and interpersonal feeling such as love, empathy, trust, and concern for others. Stage 4 is maintaining the Social Order. This stage works best in two-person relationships with family members or close friends, where one can make a real effort to get to know the other's feelings and needs and try to help. At this stage, in contrast, the respondent becomes more broadly concerned with society as a whole. Level 3 is Postconventional Morality. Stage 5 is Social Contract and Individual Rights.