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Mustafa Kemal Ataturk Essays

Once upon a time, there was a land which was occupied by many countries. People had bad days under a dark sky. A man came out. He said “ my people should be independent.” He was like the sun. He appeared and the black clouds disappeared. He wrote a national legend with the people who believed him. People believed him because he was a good leader; strong, determined, planned, disciplined.

He became a pioneering model to many emerging countries. After the independence war, he created a new country, The Republic of Turkey, which is modern, democratic and secular.

He was born in Salonika in 1881 and died in 1938. He did not live long, but he did a lot of things which have life-long effects. He made a lot of reforms in all fields of life; education, health, economy, politics, industry, agriculture, transportation, social life, culture, music theatre, cinema. He himself formed a new alphabet, adopted from the Latin one. He travelled round the country and taught the people to read and write. The rate of the literate in the country increased swiftly. He took education as important as The Republic. He wanted the children to learn science, literature, art and music. He made clothing reforms. So women stopped wearing black veils and started to wear modern clothes. Men wore hats not fez. With the reforms of Ataturk, Turkish women, who had been neglected for centuries, were given new rights, including the right to vote and be voted. They had the same rights as men.

He loved children most. He tried to spend time with them whenever he could. He presented them with a festival which is unique in the world because he thought they are the future of the world. So every year on the 23rd April, many children from other countries come to Turkey to celebrate 'The National Sovereignty and The Children Festival. My country becomes like a big garden of many colourful flowers.

Ataturk is my hero because he didn't hesitate to devote his life to his country. Because of the things he had done, I can breath freely in my own country. I can go to a school and study many subjects as other students in the world do. I can wear the clothes I am wearing now. So I am grateful to him.

Page created on 1/14/2008 12:00:00 AM

Last edited 1/14/2008 12:00:00 AM

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk Essay

1716 Words7 Pages

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (March 12, 1881 - November 10, 1938), Turkish soldier and statesman, was the founder and first President of the Republic of Turkey. He was born in the Ottoman city of Selânik (now Thessaloniki in Greece), where his birthplace is the Turkish Consulate and is also preserved as a museum. In accordance with the then prevalent Turkish custom, he was given the single name Mustafa. His father, Ali Riza (Efendi) was a customs officer who died when Mustafa was a child, his mother was Zübeyde (Hanim).

Ataturk's Early career
Mustafa studied at the military secondary school in Selânik, where he was given the additional name Kemal ("perfection") by his math teacher in recognition of his academic brilliance. As Mustafa Kemal…show more content…

His area of command again included the Gallipoli area, and he was thus the Ottoman commander against the invading allied forces during the Gallipoli landings by British, French and ANZAC forces in April 1915. Here he made his name as a brilliant military commander, although he was extremely wasteful of the lives of his troops, who died in large numbers in "human wave" attacks. Nevertheless he was the first Ottoman military commander to defeat a western army in living memory, and became a national hero, awarded the title Pasha (commander).

During 1917 and 1918 Kemal Pasha was posted to the Caucasus front fighting the Russian forces with some success, and then to the Hejaz, where the Arab Revolt against Ottoman rule was in progress. He became increasingly critical of the incompetent conduct of the war by the Sultan's government, and also of German domination of the Empire. He resigned his command, but eventually agreed to return to command Ottoman forces in Palestine.

In October 1918 the Ottomans capitulated to the Allies, and Kemal became one of the leaders of the party which favoured a policy of defending the Turkish-speaking heartlands of the Empire, while agreeing to withdraw from all the non-Turkish territories. Turkish nationalist sentiment was aroused by the Greek occupation of Izmir (Smyrna) in May 1919, in accordance with the Treaty of Sevres (this Treaty was signed by the Sultan under Allied duress but never ratified by the Ottoman parliament.)

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