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Why Did The Us Withdrew From Vietnam Essay

Why America Withdrew From Vietnam Essay

Why America Withdrew from Vietnam

There are many reasons why America decided to withdraw from Vietnam in
1973. This essay is to investigate and analyse the possible
factors/events that led to the withdrawal, the long-term events shall
be explored first then the short term. One of the many long-term
factors leading to the withdrawal was the failure of the U.S troops
trying to win the 'hearts and minds' of the Vietnamese. This was a
policy created by President J.F. Kennedy who believed that if the
Vietnamese were shown the advantages of American 'way of life' then
they would easily win the 'hearts and minds' of them, however the
Vietnamese didn't respond to this policy as they wanted an independent
country, the French had just left Vietnam and the Vietnamese people
didn't want another intruding outside country in Vietnams affairs. If
this policy was to ever succeed then the Americans would have had a
great advantage and would've been able to defeat the Vietcong, as it
was the support of the peasants that encouraged and helped the
guerrilla tactics, as well as this the ARVN would have had a bigger
incentive to fight with the support of the South Vietnamese peasants.

The Americans lost a lot of support in the war by standing by the
South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinah Diem, who was a devoted catholic
which caused a major problem with the public in south Vietnam as most
of the population was Buddhist, more importantly though, he broke the
Geneva agreement by fixing the elections in South Vietnam, and then
shortly afterwards suppressed the peasants and made his close friends
and family into power.

Then there was Diems 'strategic hamlet' programme which was a complete
failure due to the fact that the peasants involved were moved away
from there homes which were usually in the highly communist populated
area, further leading to Diem outraging the peasants as not only did
he make them move away from their homes, he made them pay for the raw
materials and building materials for their new homes, this led to the
peasants becoming communists or pro-communists as a revolt against the
Americans.

This is very different to the Vietcong's approach to winning over the
people of southern Vietnam, which was to treat the peasants with
respect, and helping with their daily procedures, keeping to the
promises they made and gaining the peasants trust which lead to the
peasants helping the Vietcong when they needed to be hidden from the
Americans, which was very successful for them, and a factor of the
Vietcong's was that they had very good fighting techniques, which were
very effective against the U.S troops and the ARVN; this was another
factor which lead to the withdrawal of the America, as they had severe
losses in there troop numbers, the Vietcong tactics were very
effective and were only...

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