Why America Withdrew From Vietnam Essay
Why America Withdrew from Vietnam
There are many reasons why America decided to withdraw from Vietnam in
1973. This essay is to investigate and analyse the possible
factors/events that led to the withdrawal, the long-term events shall
be explored first then the short term. One of the many long-term
factors leading to the withdrawal was the failure of the U.S troops
trying to win the 'hearts and minds' of the Vietnamese. This was a
policy created by President J.F. Kennedy who believed that if the
Vietnamese were shown the advantages of American 'way of life' then
they would easily win the 'hearts and minds' of them, however the
Vietnamese didn't respond to this policy as they wanted an independent
country, the French had just left Vietnam and the Vietnamese people
didn't want another intruding outside country in Vietnams affairs. If
this policy was to ever succeed then the Americans would have had a
great advantage and would've been able to defeat the Vietcong, as it
was the support of the peasants that encouraged and helped the
guerrilla tactics, as well as this the ARVN would have had a bigger
incentive to fight with the support of the South Vietnamese peasants.
The Americans lost a lot of support in the war by standing by the
South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinah Diem, who was a devoted catholic
which caused a major problem with the public in south Vietnam as most
of the population was Buddhist, more importantly though, he broke the
Geneva agreement by fixing the elections in South Vietnam, and then
shortly afterwards suppressed the peasants and made his close friends
and family into power.
Then there was Diems 'strategic hamlet' programme which was a complete
failure due to the fact that the peasants involved were moved away
from there homes which were usually in the highly communist populated
area, further leading to Diem outraging the peasants as not only did
he make them move away from their homes, he made them pay for the raw
materials and building materials for their new homes, this led to the
peasants becoming communists or pro-communists as a revolt against the
This is very different to the Vietcong's approach to winning over the
people of southern Vietnam, which was to treat the peasants with
respect, and helping with their daily procedures, keeping to the
promises they made and gaining the peasants trust which lead to the
peasants helping the Vietcong when they needed to be hidden from the
Americans, which was very successful for them, and a factor of the
Vietcong's was that they had very good fighting techniques, which were
very effective against the U.S troops and the ARVN; this was another
factor which lead to the withdrawal of the America, as they had severe
losses in there troop numbers, the Vietcong tactics were very
effective and were only...
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Why Did The United States Withdraw From The Vietnam War?
Why did the United States Withdraw From the Vietnam War? The United States withdrew from the Vietnam War for several reasons. The Army had to fight in unfamiliar territory, was lacking in moral, were not prepared for the conditions, could not shut down the Ho Chi Minh Trail, and were untrained to respond to guerilla warfare. This combination of disadvantages and the loss of public support led to the United States withdrawing from Vietnam. The United States Army was forced to fight in a new land that had different weather and geography than the U.S., and put the army at a disadvantage from the beginning of the war. Vietnam is a very hot, tropical country, as it is fairly close to the equator. It has jungles over most of the land, bit also has a cool mountainous region. The monsoon in Vietnam can last for several months, which adds to the misery of the troops. During this time, diseases flourished which are not normally contracted in the U.S. Some of these were ringworm, dysentery, trench foot, and trench mouth.
Clothing also did not last very long. "Clothing rotted and tore apart if worn for more than three or four days." In a less harsh climate, this would not have been a problem. The mountains were a hard place to fight. The army had a hard time hauling all their gear and weapons, which made each mission take longer. The climate was different than in the valleys, so different equipment was needed. The most difficult places to fight were the jungles. The jungles were hot, humid, and generally uncomfortable due to the volume of bugs and snakes, which seemed to bite the soldiers whenever they could. The dense jungles were a good place for the Viet Minh to hide. "Soldiers faced an enemy who was sometimes hidden, sometimes within arm?s length." The U.S. soldiers found it hard to see the Viet Minh, who blended in to the jungle, and moved stealthily, but the Viet Minh could see the soldiers in their bulky outfits.
The U.S. soldiers were not properly equipped for fighting in Vietnam. They were overequipped. This slowed them down and made them easy targets. They carried everything they would need, and wore heavy combat boots, flak jackets and helmets in case they were hit with a bullet. The Viet Minh traveled light, and placed things where they could be retrieved quickly. Instead of wearing protection, they planned not to get shot. For supplies they would just hide them, or get them from the many villages that secretly helped them. Many of the Vietnamese people sided with the Viet Minh at night. They would appear peaceful and innocent to the soldiers who...
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