Show MoreThe environment plays a significant role in life. It provides indispensible necessities to humans, animal life and plant life, such as water, food, shelter, and air resources. Meanwhile, human everyday actions and decisions are negatively impacting the environment, causing pollution, deforestation, overfishing. As the human population increases, it is understood that the environment will change; scenic roads become busy interstates, livestock pastures transform into shopping centers, peaceful forests are destroyed to make room for waste. It appears that the earth is being led to a dim future. As mere visitors of the earth, humans need to recognize the issues facing the environment and take action.
In the Environmental Health Science…show more content…
It’s most significant outcome was to set up routine requirements for all federal government agencies to prepare Environmental Assessments and Environmental Impact Statements.
The year 1970 brought the Clean Air Act. This legislation was designed to manage air pollutants on a national level. In turn, it required the EPA to develop and enforce regulations to protect the general public from exposure to airborne contaminants. In 1990, amendments added provisions for addressing acid rain, ozone depletion, and toxic air pollution, established a national permits program for industrial sources, and increased enforcement authority.
Research published by the Polish Journal of Environmental Studies found that “long term exposure to air pollution from particulate matter less than 10 microns in diameters (smoke, dirt, and dust from factories, farming, and roads) and nitrogen dioxide and living near major roads can increase the risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and can have a detrimental effect on lung function” (Spirić, Janković and Vraneš).
An analysis from the California Children’s Health Study points to ozone as a cause in the development of asthma in young people who did not previously have the disease. The study found that children who were active in outdoor sports in areas with high ozone concentrations were more than three times as likely to develop asthma as those who did not engage in outdoor sports during the five-year
From Theory to Practice
Critical stance and development of a strong argument are key strategies when writing to convince someone to agree with your position. In this lesson, students explore environmental issues that are relevant to their own lives, self-select topics, and gather information to write persuasive essays. Students participate in peer conferences to aid in the revision process and evaluate their essays through self-assessment. Although this lesson focuses on the environment as a broad topic, many other topics can be easily substituted for reinforcement of persuasive writing.
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- Persuasion Map: Your students can use this online interactive tool to map out an argument for their persuasive essay.
- Persuasive Writing: This site offers information on the format of a persuasive essay, the writing and peer conferencing process, and a rubric for evaluating students' work.
- Role Play Activity sheet: Give your students the opportunity to see persuasion in action and to discuss the elements of a successful argument.
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FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE
Buss, K., & Karnowski, L. (2002). Teaching persuasive texts. In Reading and writing nonfiction genres (pp. 7689). Newark, DE: International Reading Association.
- The main purpose of persuasive texts is to present an argument or an opinion in an attempt to convince the reader to accept the writer's point of view.
- Reading and reacting to the opinions of others helps shape readers' beliefs about important issues, events, people, places, and things.
- This chapter highlights various techniques of persuasion through the use of minilessons. The language and format of several subgenres of persuasive writing are included as well.
Baker, E.A. (2000). Instructional approaches used to integrate literacy and technology. Reading Online, 4. Available: http://www.readingonline.org/articles/art_index.asp?HREF=/articles/baker/index.html
The inquiry approach gives students the opportunity to identify topics in which they are interested, research those topics, and present their findings. This approach is designed to be learner-centered as it encourages students to select their own research topics, rather than being told what to study.
Powell, R., Cantrell, S.C., & Adams, S. (2001). Saving Black Mountain: The promise of critical literacy in a multicultural democracy. The Reading Teacher, 54, 772781.
- The Saving Black Mountain project highlighted in this article exemplifies critical literacy in action. Students learn that, in a democratic society, their voices can make a difference.
- Critical literacy goes beyond providing authentic purposes and audiences for reading and writing, and considers the role of literacy in societal transformation. Students should be learning a great deal more than how to read and write. They should be learning about the power of literacy to make a difference.
Strangman, N. (2002/2003). Linking literacy, technology, and the environment: An interview with Joan Goble and René De Vries. Reading Online, 6. Available: http://www.readingonline.org/articles/art_index.asp?HREF=voices/goble_devries/index.html
- Endangered species and the environment are compelling topics for students of all ages and excellent raw materials for literacy learning.
- With only a minimal familiarity with the Internet and computers, students from kindergarten on up to high school can experience the double satisfaction of educating others about the environment and developing better literacy skills.
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